What is Instructional Design?

If you are in the eLearning sector you may hear instructional design term before. But maybe you have not heard about many more things. So, let me dive deep into this article to give you more information about the instructional design.

Firstly, we can say for instructional design is giving training in a true way. When we are saying an instructional design perspective to reach people via in-class training or online training classes, there must be a checklist to create these kinds of courses. You must prepare yourself to create these courses. In this time instructional design helps us to create a great course with directions.

Let’s see some explanations about instructional design. In the academic perspective, this is the instructional design definition;

“instructional design is the creation of instructional materials. Though this field goes beyond simply creating teaching materials, it carefully considers how students learn and what materials and methods will most effectively help individuals achieve their academic goals. The principles of instructional design consider how educational tools should be designed, created, and delivered to any learning group, from grade school students to adult employees across all industry sectors.” [1]

And other sources giving this information to explain the instructional design.

“The instructional design process consists of determining the needs of the learners, defining the end goals and objectives of instruction, designing and planning assessment tasks, and designing teaching and learning activities to ensure the quality of instruction.” [2]

“Instructional Design is the art and science of creating an instructional environment and materials that will bring the learner from the state of not being able to accomplish certain tasks to the state of being able to accomplish those tasks. Instructional Design is based on theoretical and practical research in the areas of cognition, educational psychology, and problem-solving.” [3]

Sara McNeil defines the Instructional design as a:

“Process: Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. It includes development of instructional materials and activities; and tryout and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities.

Discipline: Instructional Design is that branch of knowledge concerned with research and theory about instructional strategies and the process for developing and implementing those strategies.

Science: Instructional Design is the science of creating detailed specifications for the development, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of situations that facilitate the learning of both large and small units of subject matter at all levels of complexity.

Reality: Instructional Design can start at any point in the design process. Often a glimmer of an idea is developed to give the core of an instruction situation. By the time the entire process is done the designer looks back and she or he checks to see that all parts of the “science” have been taken into account. Then the entire process is written up as if it occurred in a systematic fashion.”[4]

“The term instructional design refers to the systematic and reflective process of translating the principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials, activities, information resources, and evaluation.” [5]

As you see, there many definitions of instructional design and most of them similar to each other. Because of that, we have to focus on the main issue and work on it. We want to deliver all information to the audience in a true way. We have to create our materials for our audience and we have to know our audience very well. We have to know them. We can say that preparation is the most significant part of the instructional design.

Let me share some information with the multimedia format. You will find a few videos below and all of these videos are only on this blog post in order.

What is Instructional Design?

In this video, Dr. Gardner from Franklin University explains what instructional design is to MS Degree students of Instructional Design and Performance Technology. The is 4 minutes and 46 seconds and very useful to understand out topic.

Resources;

[1] https://online.purdue.edu/ldt/learning-design-technology/resources/what-is-instructional-design ,15/03/2019
[2] https://educationaltechnology.net/definitions-instructional-design/ , 15/03/2019
[3] Siemens, G. (2002). Instructional design in elearning. Retrieved January, 21, 2013. http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/InstructionalDesign.htm
[4] Sara McNeil, http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html
[5] Smith, P. L., & Ragan, T. J. (1999). Instructional design (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructional_design 15/03/2019

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Unleash Your Creativity For Inspired eLearning

Creativity can be stifled due to self-doubt, fear of being judged, or lack of inspiration. An area of concern for the Instructional Designer is the ability to find inspiration to overcome the resistance to explore their creativity. Here are a few techniques to help you get back on track.

This post was first published on eLearning Industry.

Importance of Instructional Design in Adult Learning Theory

Importance of Instructional Design in Adult Learning theory Final

There is no specific area that defines the instructional design. It’s an outstanding technique that makes a big difference in audience lives by creating courses that motivate, inspire, and streamline the learning process.

With the paradigm shift to learning level, Instructional design has synthesized neurological facts and realities of adult-learning which hit the mark every time in its effectiveness. However, eLearning courses prove best with the user-comfort zone, but here is the challenge due to the different nature of the audience.

As an instructional designer, one must invoke in understanding the curriculum of learner, because, here learners are adults with previous knowledge and fixed goals. Due to hectic environment and stressed-out folks, eLearning has revolutionized the adult learning by facilitating with trouble-free and facile courses.

In this article, you will understand:

  • What is adult learning theory and the principle involved in it.
  • The role of Instructional designer in creating an adult-learning course.

For complete Blog Post, visit: 

Importance of Instructional Design in Adult Learning Theory

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5 Types Of eLearning Courses You Should Avoid Designing

Amateur Instructional Designers often sacrifice quality for quantity, which is where the problem starts. In this article, we'll discuss the 5 types of eLearning courses that constitute bad eLearning and that should be avoided.

This post was first published on eLearning Industry.

Should eLearning Courses be Informative or Interactive or Both?

It is an exciting part in the world of eLearning which is full of digital trends, innovative ideas, learning techniques to make learners engaged, motivated, and stay connected with the courses. Developing eLearning courses to make learning and training programs successful is nowadays a current hot topic. eLearning courses are best known for their high…

Importance of Instructional Design in Adult Learning Theory

There is no specific area that defines instructional design. It’s an outstanding technique that makes big difference in audience lives by creating courses that motivate, inspire, and streamline the learning process. With the paradigm shift to learning level, Instructional design has synthesized neurological facts and realities of adult-learning which hit the mark every time in…

Wireframe Podcast

Wireframe Podcast

Wireframe Podcast

Here’s the trailer for the series.
https://megaphone.link/GLT1096765364

Here are a couple of the standout episodes for me.

Good Design is Good Civics

Where the hosts discuss the City of Boston’s app for reporting problems through the use of an app and the challenges of producing an app that is intuitive and easy to use and understand.
https://megaphone.link/GLT3841317779

Inclusivity is a Recipe for Good Design

In this episode, the hosts talk about closed captions and Xbox controllers and what they teach us about accessibility. I believe this is something we as eLearning designers need to think long and hard about and consider talking with the experts, the ones who need inclusive design.
https://megaphone.link/GLT2017781702

Get all the shows here.

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Was that meeting useful?

We all have them. Sometimes it seems our days are full of them. Mostly, they’re needed and occasionally they can even be useful. But are you getting the best out of a meeting?

The worst meeting is one where there’s no clear agenda or even purpose to it. Whether there are two or ten of you present, remote or actually in-person, whether it’s for a couple of minutes or a couple of hours, and whether it’s a meeting to discuss a project or a ‘general update’.

There are some things we all learn about meetings, usually from the ones we feel wasn’t time well spent or didn’t achieve what we hoped for. Here’s a few tips I (try) and employ when attending and/or requesting a meeting:

  • Model: If you believe others are not using their meetings to the best or most effective use of time, be a role model of how you will manage your meetings.
  • Agenda: Set an agenda. Even a short, informal meeting ought to have a purpose and goal. The goal could be an update to a project, to pass information on to senior/junior project member, to review or agree actions going forward, etc. but the key is to set the purpose. (see calendar). If you have time, set this ahead of the meeting. If not, then use the calendar (see below) invite to do this.
  • Audience: Only invite (see calendar) those who actually need to be there – no one needs any more unnecessary meetings in their already busy schedule. Also consider the audience availability (below) and avoid times you know might be contentious (too early, too late, too long, not long enough, conflicting meetings, etc).
  • Calendar: If you use an online calendar to arrange and plan your time then use this and send an update through. Most corporate and institutional systems will link the attendees email to their calendar and, if you’re in the same system, you’ll see their availability. (see availability). Use this invite to set not only the time and agenda but also the location, allowing all participants time to travel between buildings if necessary).
  • Availability: No one wants a meeting assigned to a time they’re not available or can’t get to. Consider the purpose (above), audience, location, etc.
  • Time: Allow time for others to have their input. If you need it arrange a second, follow-up appointment and specify when setting both appointments up that one is for the project feedback, the second is for discussion. By setting the time limit for the meeting, which can often be determined by how long you can book a room for, it can be used as a mechanism for keeping the meeting running to the agenda and avoid too much off-topic chat.
  • Formal/informal: Use your own initiative to know how formal or informal to keep the meeting. It might depend on the scale or scope of the project or subject if you prefer a formal meeting, or even line management and disciplinary issues. Informal meetings may not even need an agenda or calendar (see above), but it’s always good to have purpose and goal.
  • Roles: If possible and if the meeting requires it, assign roles for attendees in the agenda and calendar invite. This will ensure only those who need to be present are actually invited and present. Those you invite who don’t have a role, or indeed if you’re invited and aren’t assigned a roll, could quite easily push back and query the reason for the invite.
  • Notes: Whether you’re taking notes for yourself as an aide memoir or for wider dissemination, always take notes. You never know when you need to remind yourself about something that was said or decided. If it’s not your meeting then, hopefully, a set of notes will be circulated after the event, and if it is your meeting then consider circulating the notes and ask for inclusion if you’ve missed anything. If you need to share your notes, you might want to check in advance if your sketchnotes are OK for the audience?

This doesn’t even cover the online meetings we have … !

What about you, how do you plan your meetings and the meetings you attend? Do you go along with the organiser or ‘do your own thing’?

Image source: spin’n’shoot (CC BY-NC-2.0)